True wisdom comes to each of us when we realize how little we understand about life, ourselves, and the world around us - Socrates

Thursday, August 11, 2011

ACS-TS: train scheduling using ant colony system

Keivan Ghoseiri and Fahimeh Morshedsolouk 

This paper develops an algorithm for the train scheduling problem using the ant colony system metaheuristic called ACS-TS. At first, a mathematical model for a kind of train scheduling problem is developed and then the algorithm based on ACS is presented to solve the problem. The problem is considered as a traveling salesman problem (TSP) wherein cities represent the trains. ACS determines the sequence of trains dispatched on the graph of the TSP. Using the sequences obtained and removing the collisions incurred, train scheduling is determined. Numerical examples in small and medium sizes are solved using ACS-TS and compared to exact optimum solutions to check for quality and accuracy. Comparison of the solutions shows that ACS-TS results in good quality and time savings. A case study is presented to illustrate the solution.

Full Paper